Various Bible study guides in subjects pertaining to

New Earth prophecy, as taught by Paul Phelps. 


For evildoers shall be cut off: but those that wait upon the LORD,

they shall inherit the earth.      Psalm 37:9






Bible quotes are from the New Revised Standard Version

except for my own translations or as otherwise indicated. 


A prophetic study about the people of New Earth, within

the Bible prophecies for the future regathering of Israel. 


A Bible study project by Paul Phelps. 

After several years of study this writing was completed in 2000. 




     The regathering of Israel is a prophetic plan that starts to fulfil at the end of
this age and continues in the Messianic age.  It has several aspects and the first
are happening now.  The present ingathering of Jews is in preparation for their
acceptance of Jesus Christ as L
ORD at his return in the latter days.  Hosea 3:5,

                Afterwards the Israelites shall return and seek the LORD their God, and

                David their king; they shall come in awe to the LORD and to his goodness

                in the latter days


     The present ingathering of Jews to their ancestral homeland is a return to the
same situation as in New Testament time, before their captivity to Rome.  These
circumstances have returned—so the people that first rejected Jesus will accept
him at his return!                     Matthew 23:38-39,

                See, your house is left to you, desolate. 

                For I tell you, you will not see me again until you say,

                “Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord.” 

Zech. 12:10,

                And I will pour out a spirit of compassion and supplication

                on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem,

                so that, when they look on me whom they have pierced,

                they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for an only child,

                and weep bitterly over him, as one weeps over a firstborn. 


     The kingdom gospel was first preached in Israel and it's happening again now
in these last days, in preparation for the Lord’s soon return. 

Matt. 10:23,

            ... for truly I tell you, you will not have gone through all the towns of Israel

                before the Son of Man comes


     Messiah’s return is prophesied in Zech. 14:4 (see context), and Judeans (Jews)
will again be in Jerusalem and Judea when he returns.  The house of David can
refer to King David’s descendants (see Luke 1:27), but in Zech. 12:10 this refers
to Judeans (Jer. 17:19-26; 21:11,12), the Jewish people in general.      Zech. 12:7,

                And the LORD will give victory to the tents of Judah first,

                so that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the

                inhabitants of Jerusalem may not be exalted over that of Judah. 


     The present ingathering of Jews is the first fulfilment for Israel’s regathering. 
Eze. 36:24,28,

v 24,        I will take you from the nations, and gather you from all the countries,

                and bring you into your own land

v 28,        Then you shall live in the land that I gave to your ancestors …


     The present ingathering of Jews to their homeland returns the same situation
that existed nineteen centuries ago—before their capture by Rome into Europe.  
The social and spiritual condition of that time has reappeared in modern Israel;
this first part of God’s plan will not go further—until the sin of Matthew 27:25-26
is repented of, but when the Israelis come to national repentance restoration will
continue to fulfilment.  Rom. 11:26-27,

                And so all Israel will be saved; as it is written,*

                ‘Out of Zion will come the Deliverer;

                he will banish ungodliness from Jacob.’ 

                ‘And this is my covenant with them, when I take away their sins.’ 

                                                                                  *(Psalm 14:7; Isaiah 59:20-21; 27:9)

     The present Jewish regathering mostly affects western Roman Diaspora Jews,
the descendants of European and Mediterranean Jews from the Roman captivity
both Ashkenazi and Sephardic.  During the Roman Empire, these Judeans were
under the authority of the Jerusalem Sanhedrin.  God regathers these Jews first,
for their rejection of Jesus is the
first issue to be settled.  Western Diaspora Jews,
descendants of Roman captivity, are still in obligation to Jerusalem’s Sanhedrin. 

     The ingathering of Western-world Jews to their homeland shall continue until
the antichrist empire of the end time (Dan. 7:19-25; 9:27; Matt. 24:15-22), a time
of “distress for Jacob” (Jer. 30:7).  The soon return of Messiah to Jerusalem shall
bring to a close the first phase of Israel’s regathering.  According to Rom. 11:15
a future scheduled event is the resurrection of the dead

                For if their rejection is the reconciliation of the world,

                what will their acceptance be but life from the dead


     The essay entitled “The resurrection of the righteous” deals with this subject,
which is central for Israels regathering.  The world resurrection will bring back
the past generations fallen in death, represented by Lazarus.  John 11:24,

                Martha said to him,

                ‘I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.’ 


     This resurrection hope of Israel is prophesied in Ezekiel’s ‘dry bones’ vision. 
Eze. 37:12-13,

                ‘Therefore prophesy, and say unto them, Thus says the Lord GOD:

                I am going to open your graves, and bring you up from your graves,

                O my people; and I will bring you back to the land of Israel. 

                And you shall know that I am the LORD, when I open your graves,

                and bring you up from your graves, O my people.’ 


     Ezekiel’s vision shows resurrection.  David’s return is as Israels king, and as
a man in the flesh after thirty centuries in the grave.   Eze. 37:24-25,

                My servant David shall be king over them;

                and they shall all have one shepherd. 

                They shall follow my ordinances and be careful to observe my statutes. 

                They shall live in the land that I gave to my servant Jacob,

                in which your ancestors lived; and they shall dwell therein,

                they and their children and their children’s children for ever;

                and my servant David shall be their prince for ever


     King David will be part of the resurrection of the righteous after Christ returns
(John 5:28-29).  The prophecy of King David’s resurrection will fulfil literally. 

Jeremiah 30:9,

                But they shall serve the LORD their God

                and David their king, whom I will raise up for them. 


     God views New World Israel as a continuation of King David’s dynasty that has
been falling for almost three thousand years.  Amos 9:11,

                On that day I will raise up the booth of David that is fallen,

                and repair its breaches, and raise up its ruins,

                and rebuild it as in the days of old ...


     The Jerusalem church apostles and elders, James as spokesman, announced in
Acts 15:15-17, that God is choosing Gentiles (non-Jews), and quoted as evidence
the Septuagint text of Amos 9:11 --with v 12.  The spiritualised Church application
is true—but the earthly kingdom promises remain.  When the dynasty of David
is rebuilt it will include King David.  Hosea 3:5,

                Afterwards the Israelites shall return and seek the LORD their God,

                and David their king; they shall come in awe to the LORD

                and to his goodness in the latter days. 

Eze. 34:23-24,

                I will set up over them one shepherd, my servant David,

                and he shall feed them: he shall feed them and be their shepherd. 

                And I, the LORD, will be their God, and my servant David

                shall be prince among them; I, the LORD, have spoken. 


     The earthly resurrection returns people to their human flesh nature for David
will be fathering children to successive generations forever.  Jer. 33:17,22,

v 17,        For thus says the LORD: David shall never lack a man

                to sit on the throne of the house of Israel…

v 22,        Just as the host of heaven cannot be numbered

                and the sands of the sea cannot be measured, so I will increase

                the offspring of my servant David, and the Levites who minister to me. 


     In these Davidic texts we have proof that earthly resurrection is a central part
of God’s kingdom.  The kingdom of David is an earthly inheritance.  This is true
of the Law covenant generally.  Peter said that David is not in heaven (Acts 2:34),
so his resurrection will be on earth.  The ‘Transfiguration’ vision of the Kingdom
(Mark 9:1-4) shows that Moses and Elijah are in heaven, but David evidently will
inherit earth—which probably is also true for many other Old Testament saints. 
The earthly resurrection shall be “as the sand of the sea,” and life will continue
in earth forever, children being born generations without end; Psalm 103:17-19. 
The expanding population of the new world will require ever-increasing space,
but in this infinitely expanding universe God has big plans.  Isaiah 9:7,

                His authority shall grow continually,

                and there shall be endless peace for the throne of David

                and his kingdom.  He will establish and uphold it with justice

                and with righteousness from this time onwards and for evermore.  

                The zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this. 


     Israel is not yet in tne New covenant and neither is the world, but resurrection
changes that because everybody will meet the Messiah in the resurrection.  

Isaiah 26:19,

                Your dead shall live, their corpses shall rise.  O dwellers in the dust,

                awake and sing for joy!  For your dew is a radiant dew, and

                the earth will give birth to those long dead


     Prophetically for both heaven and earth, God’s kingdom is called Zion.  She is
also said to be a mother of children.  At the end of this age, in the earthly aspect,
Zion travails in birth pangs—preparing to give birth to the people of New Earth;
(our essay “The vision of Revelation Twelve” has more on this).  Romans 8:21-22,

                ... the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to decay and

                will obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God.  We know

                that the whole creation has been groaning in labour pains until now…


     Born again Christians, the elect for heaven are Zion’s firstborn (Heb. 12:22-23;
Rev. 12:1-2,5; 1
Thes. 4:16-17; Isa. 66:7); afterward the resurrected elect for earth
will be revealed, Zion’s last-born children.  Isaiah 66:8-9,

v 8,          Who has heard of such a thing?  Who has seen such things? 

                Shall a land be born in one day? 

                Shall a nation be delivered in one moment? 

                Yet as soon as Zion was in labour she delivered her children. 

v 9,          Shall I open the womb and not deliver? says the LORD;

                shall I, the one who delivers, shut the womb? says your God. 


     At the end of this age, Jerusalem will be under the control of antichrist armies
(Zech. 14:1-2; Matt. 24:15-21) but Christ’s return will put an end to that trouble. 
Resurrection of the fallen dead is the miracle that will satisfy hope. 

Isaiah 49:21,

                Then you will say in your heart, ‘Who has borne me these

                I was bereaved and barren, exiled and put away—

                so who has reared these

                I was left all alone—where then have these come from?’ 


     The full reunion of the two nations Judah and Joseph comes after resurrection. 
David, dead three millennia, will be the returning king of Israel (Eze. 37:24-25). 
The Jewish people (“stick of Judah,” Eze. 37:15-22) is the only part of Israel with
a 'Jewish-tradition identity.'  But the ten tribes (“stick of Joseph”) will also return. 
The reunion as Ezekiel foresaw cannot happen until the
ten tribes are identified,
but the
resurrection will identify all the tribes and reunite them wherever they are
Hosea said that Ephraim would not stay the usual time in Israel’s homeland, that
his birth would be painful, but that one day God would rescue them from Death. 
Hosea 13:12-14,

v 12,        Ephraim’s iniquity is bound up; his sin is kept in store. 

v 13,        The pangs of childbirth come for him, but he is an unwise son; for at

                the proper time he does not present himself at the mouth of the womb. 

v 14,        Shall I ransom them from the power of Sheol?  Shall I redeem them

                from Death?  O Death, where are your plagues?  O Sheol,

                where is your destruction?  Compassion is hidden from my eyes. 


     The Hosea 13:14 text applies spiritually for Christian believers; but as a literal
prophecy it is about the ten tribes led by Ephraim.  They are Israel’s fallen dead
from the past.  Their resurrection will be in the Jezreel valley!  Hosea 1:10-11,

v 10,        Yet the number of the people of Israel shall be like the sand of the sea,

                which can be neither measured nor numbered; and in the place

                where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people’,

                it shall be said to them, ‘Children of the living God.’ 

v 11,        The people of Judah and the people of Israel shall be gathered

                together, and they shall appoint for themselves one head; and they

                shall take possession of the land, for great shall be the day of Jezreel


     Hosea foresaw that Israel’s tribes will be numerous—“like the sand of the sea”
and would be
regathered in the place they were conquered.  The Jezreel valley
is a plain in lower Galilee—reaching from the western Mediterranean Sea to the
Jordan River in the east.  That is where Israel’s army was defeated (Hosea 1:4-5;
1 Kings 15:20; 2 Kings 15:29).  The ten tribes led by Ephraim were put in Media
at the eastern side of Assyria, now part of northern Iran (2 Kings 17:6,23; 18:11). 


     In resurrection multitudes of people will rise from earth like they fell in death. 
The Bible plays with Hebrew words.  The name “Jezreel” means ‘God will sow’
(from the word ‘seed’).  God ‘sowed’ the people of Israel in the earth—as seed
(Jezreel; Hosea 2:21-23) but they will later rise up again as grain.  John 12:24-25,

                Very truly I tell you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies,

                it remains just a single grain; but if it dies, it bears much fruit.  Those

                who love their life lose it, and those who hate their life in this world

                will keep it for eternal life. 

1 Cor. 15:35-38,

                But someone will ask, ‘How are the dead raised?  With what kind of

                body do they come?  Fool!  What you sow does not come to life unless

                it dies.  And as for what you sow, you do not sow that body that is to be,

                but a bare seed, perhaps of wheat or of some other grain.  But God

                gives it a body as he has chosen, and to each kind of seed its own body. 


     John 12:24-25 applies to all resurrections both in heaven and earth for it is not
in this world that we receive our rewards but the new world.  Jesus taught about
people of good works (Lk. 14:12-14)—saying that good deeds from this lifetime
have promise of resurrection in the new world


     In ancient times Israel was a twelve-tribe nation.  The tribes are a central part
of God’s plan for his future earthly kingdom.  Jacob’s twelve sons were the start
of the tribes (Gen. 35:23-26).  They have Moses’ prophecies for the new world;
(Deut. 33).  Prophecies of Israel’s regathering include the tribes.  The blessings
ultimately will include all the nations, for when Christ restores the twelve tribes
all nationalities everywhere will come in; Israel will then be a world kingdom
Isaiah 49:6,

           … he says, ‘It is too light a thing that you should be

                my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob

                and to restore the survivors of Israel;

                I will give you as a light to the nations,

                that my salvation may reach to the end of the earth.’ 


     In the Kingdom age all nations will come to Zion to learn of God (Isaiah 2:2-3),
and then, everyone on earth will have their place within the twelve tribes of Israel

Eze. 47:21-23,

                So you shall divide this land among you according to the tribes of Israel. 

                You shall allot it as an inheritance for yourselves and for the aliens

                who reside among you and have begotten children among you. 

                They shall be to you as citizens of Israel; with you they shall be

                allotted an inheritance among the tribes of Israel ...


     Israel's Biblical land boundaries are only for this world; but Israel of the future
will be more than a nation, it will be a kingdom extending throughout the earth
The tribal inheritance of new world Israel will extend worldwide to include all
The kingdom will have no limit in size or citizenship for its people.  In this world,
Israel’s land is very small (from the border of Egypt to the Euphrates River); but
New World Israel will be the full size—from the River to the ends of the earth,” 
and the dominion could expand farther as needed to other worlds beyond earth. 

     God’s new world kingdom will be infinite in size, but in a symbolic sense can
be described as it was earlier: “from the border of Egypt to the Euphrates River.” 
Egypt figuratively represents this present evil world—which will end soon.  The
original Euphrates River was in Eden and it represents eternal paradise.  So the
typology meaning of— “from the border of Egypt to the Euphrates River” —is that
the Kingdom will extend from the end of this world to God’s eternal paradise
Isaiah 33:17,

                Your eyes will see the king in his beauty;

                they will behold a land that stretches far away. 
Isaiah 49:19-20,

                Surely your waste and your desolate places and your devastated land—

                surely now you will be too crowded for your inhabitants,

                and those who swallowed you up will be far away.  The children

                born in the time of your bereavement will yet say in your hearing:

                ‘The place is too crowded for me; make room for me to settle.’ 


     The Bible says that many nations will come and join with Israel but it nowhere
says they ever leave; those coming to Zion to learn God’s ways are part of Israel. 
No more aliens, they become God’s covenant people.  Israel’s kingdom territory
will be expanded to eventually become world-wide.      Isaiah 56:6-7,

                And the foreigners who join themselves to the LORD, to minister to him,

                to love the name of the LORD, and to be his servants, all who keep the

                Sabbath, and do not profane it, and hold fast my covenant—these I will

                bring to my holy mountain and make them joyful in my house of prayer;

                their burnt-offerings and their sacrifices will be accepted on my altar;

                for my house shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples

Isaiah 26:15,

                But you have increased the nation, O LORD, you have increased the

                nation; you are glorified; you have enlarged all the borders of the land. 

Isaiah 54:2-3,

                Enlarge the site of your tent, and let the curtains of your habitations be

                stretched out; do not hold back; lengthen your cords and strengthen

                your stakes; for you will spread out to the right and to the left, and your

                descendants will possess the nations and will settle the desolate towns. 


     God is coming to dwell among the people of earth in his Kingdom (Rev. 21:3). 
These are the people of Zion—all who are joined to the L
ORD.      Zech. 2:10-11,

                Sing and rejoice, O daughter Zion!  For lo, I will come and dwell in your

                midst, says the LORD.  Many nations shall join themselves to the LORD

                on that day and shall be my people; and I will dwell in your midst

                And you shall know that the LORD of hosts has sent me to you. 


     In the New Earth, the requirement will be obedience to God’s law.  Micah 4:2,

           … and many nations shall come and say: ‘Come, let us go up to

                the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob;

                that he may teach us his ways, and that we may walk in his paths.’ 


     The New covenant is first made with restored Israel (Jer. 31:31-34; Eze. 20:37),
and is then open to all.  Apostle Paul speaks about two women in Abraham's life,
Sarah and Hagar, when explaining covenants (Gal. 4:21-31).  The New covenant
for the heavenly call is the Church, typified by Sarah .  But the New covenant for
earth is not typified by Sarah, nor by Hagar (see Jer. 31:31-34 and Isaiah 59:21). 
The New covenant applies spiritually to the Church (Heb. 8:6-13) but the earthly
aspect remains; so who typifies the New covenant for people in the New Earth?” 


     Paul’s evangelistic work was only for the heavenly call and he went no further. 
But it is now time to teach the New covenant’s earthly hope.  After Sarah’s death,
Abraham married another wife; Keturah represents the New covenant for earth
Gen. 25:1,

                Abraham again took another wife, whose name was Keturah

1 Chron. 1:32,

                The sons of Keturah, Abrahams concubine:

                She bore Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. 


     Keturah was mother to the rest of Abraham’s children.  She was a mother long
before marriage.  Her six sons were born while she was Abraham’s concubine,
(a legal mistress).  They are children of concubinage (Gen. 25:6; 1 Chron. 1:32). 
On Keturah’s wedding day they were adopted as Abraham’s sons with all normal
rights as sons!
  Abraham was their natural father; but they could not be ‘his sons’
until he married Keturah (after Sarah’s death).  Keturah waited for an honourable
marriage and her sons waited for honourable rights
even while living together
in Abraham’s home.  The New Earth people will regain the honour of humanity

     There is a beautiful symbolism in this.  Abraham represents God, as husband
of the covenants, and the Father of everyone born into them.  His life reveals the
plan of God for man.  Sarah’s death typifies the end of the Church age.  Keturah
typifies the New covenant for earth with life rights for the world, to be declared
after the Church is gone.  All that were born on earth prior to the Kingdom are
typified in Keturah’s six sons.  Her marriage day typifies the start of the earthly
New covenant—and the adoption
of her sons typifies resurrection for the world
Matthew 3:9,

           ... God is able from these stones* to raise up children to Abraham

                                         *(“from these stones” indicates an earthly resurrection)

     Abraham’s family was Aramean.  The name Keturah (in Aramaic) is ‘riddle’ or
‘tied knot.’
  We are glad to have untied this knot of Bible typology. 


     The New covenant is God’s kingdom for heaven and earth; there are two parts
because the Kingdom has two saved groups, those in heaven and those in earth. 
Each group is different because their inheritances are different. 

1 Cor. 15:40,

                There are both heavenly bodies and earthly bodies; but

                the glory of the heavenly is one thing, and that of the earthly is another. 


     During the Church age the New covenant is calling people to heaven, a calling
typified by Sarah.  But after the Church call has been fulfilled, the 'Kingdom age
New covenant
will be bringing people into their earthly inheritance.  Even now
in the endtime, people of faith are choosing the New covenant’s New Earth hope
typified by Keturah; this is God’s plan in our time.  God is increasingly informing
people of their earthly inheritance as his return draws near.  They are becoming
“the elect” of the last days (Mark 13:20-27).  Many believers now living will live
through the tribulation and into the Kingdom. 


     The New covenant offers soul and spirit renewal (Eze. 36:26), and a new body
(Eze. 37:4-14; Jn. 5:25-29).  God’s law will be written in people’s heart and mind
(Jer. 31:33-34; Is. 59:21), and people shall be made righteous forever

Isaiah 60:21,

                Your people shall all be righteous;

                they shall possess the land for ever.  They are the shoot that I planted,

                the work of my hands, so that I might be glorified. 


     Jesus Christ is Lord of the New covenant.  The saved nations of Rev. 21:24 will
inherit life in the New covenant.  All those in the New covenant of earth are the
other sheep of John 10:16; (Eze. 34:11-23 and 36:37-38).  All the sheep—both in
heaven and earth bow to the “Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, from whom every
family in heaven and on earth takes its name” (Eph. 3:14-15). 

Eze. 20:37-38,

                I will make you pass under the staff, and I will bring you within

                the bond of the covenant.  I will purge out the rebels among you,

                and those who transgress against me; I will bring them out of the land

                where they reside as aliens, but they shall not enter the land of Israel.  

                Then you shall know that I am the LORD


     The purpose of Israel is to bless the world (see Gen. 12:2-3), but the blessing is
in the New covenant; them that refuse the New covenant will not be regathered. 
The Kingdom standard is the New covenant, and the chosen instrument is Israel. 
We should all pray for Jerusalem’s peace— “For there the thrones for judgment
were set up, the thrones of the house of David (Psalm 122:5-6). 


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